Published on:
    Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2010; 1(3):125-129
    Original Article | doi:10.4103/0975-3583.70907

    Role of multidetector computed tomography in evaluating complications following endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm

    Authors:

    Zarina Abdul Aziz, Purushotham R. Naidu, Jagadish Prasad, Arjun Kalyanpur

    Narayana Institute of Health Sciences and Teleradiology Solutions, Bangalore, India.

    Abstract:

    Objective: To study the role of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in evaluating various complications following endovascular stenting of aortic aneurysms. Materials and Methods: Over a period of 2 years (June 2005 to June 2007), 50 patients with aortic aneurysm on computed tomography (CT) angiogram were prospectively studied. Images were acquired on a 64 slice multidetector row CT scanner (GE—LightSpeed VCT) after intravenous administration of nonionic iodinated contrast. Nineteen patients underwent endovascular stent-graft repair based on their medical and surgical risk factors. Stent-graft related complications were recorded by CT angiography and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Most common complication related to the endovascular stent-graft placement was endoleak (44.4%), followed by puncture site hematoma (27.8%), thrombotic occlusion of a limb of the bifurcated stent graft, kinking of the stent-graft, and diffi cult catheterization with intimal tear in the common iliac artery were 5.6% each. Poststent diameter of the aneurysm was an important predictor of endoleaks. All the patients with either increase or no change in the aneurysm size had endoleaks. Conclusion: MDCT angiography is an important modality in identifying, describing, and following up the various complications following endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms, endoleaks being the most common complication. Decrease in the poststent diameter of the aneurysm suggested a good outcome.

    Key words: Aneurysm, endoleaks, multidetector computed tomography, stents.