Published on:
    Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2011; 2(3):164-171
    Original Article | doi:10.4103/0975-3583.85263

    Ambulatory blood pressure profile and left ventricular geometry in Nigerian hypertensives

    Authors:

    O. E. Ajayi, E. A. Ajayi1, O. A. Akintomide, R. A. Adebayo, S. A. Ogunyemi, A. T. Oyedeji2, M. O. Balogun

    Department of Medicine, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, ILE IFE,

    1University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti,

    2Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria

    Abstract:

    Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent cardiac risk factor in hypertensives and the structural classification of left ventricular (LV) geometry provides additional prognostic information. Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring has been shown to be superior to office blood pressure (BP) in relation to hypertension LVH. We investigated ambulatory BP variables in relation to LV geometric patterns in Nigerian hypertensives. Materials and Methods: A total of 130 patients (males = 96, females = 34) with hypertension had their 24-hours ambulatory BP and trans-thoracic 2D/M- mode echocardiography. Data were analyzed with SPSS 13.0. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean age of the patients was 54.08±11.88 years. The prevalence rate of abnormal LV geometry was 48.4%. Mean ambulatory Systolic BP (day time, night time and 24-hour-average) was significantly higher in patients with LVH compared with those without LVH. Day-night systolic and diastolic BP decay (i.e. percentage nocturnal decline in BP) was also significantly lower in LVH group than in the group without LVH. Patients with eccentric LVH had abnormal day time mean ambulatory systolic BP, night time mean ambulatory systolic BP, elevated day time and night time systolic BP loads, as well as non-dipping diastolic BP pattern. Significant correlates of LV mass index in this study population were mean ambulatory systolic BP (day time: r = 0.355, P = 0.004; night time: r = 0.343, P = 0.005; 24- hour average: r = 0.358, P = 0.004) and day-night decay (systolic: r = -0.388, P = 0.007; diastolic: r = -0.290, P = 0.022) as well as 24-hour systolic BP variability. Conclusion: The presence of LVH in hypertension was associated with higher mean ambulatory systolic BP and lower percentage nocturnal decline in systolic and diastolic BP than its absence which appeared to be worse in patients with eccentric LV geometry when compared with other geometric patterns.

    Key words: Ambulatory blood pressure, left ventricular geometry, hypertensives, Nigerians.