Published on:
    Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2012; 3(3):197-199
    Original Article | doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98891

    ABO-Rh blood groups distribution in cardiac syndrome X patients


    Fatemeh Kheradmand1, Yousef Rasmi1,3, Mohaddeseh Nemati1, Mir Hossein Seyed Mohammadzad2

    Departments of 1Biochemistry and 2Carddiology, 3Center for Cellular and Molecular Research, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.


    Background: Data on frequency distribution of ABO-Rh blood groups in cardiac syndrome X (CSX) patients are not available. We aimed to investigate the distribution of ABO-Rh blood groups in these patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 247 CSX patients’ records were reviewed in a cross-sectional study from 2006 to 2010. One hundred forty six patients (59.1%) were female, and the mean patient age was 52 ± 11 years. The frequency of ABO-Rh blood groups was compared to the frequency of these blood groups in the West-Azerbaijan province, Iran; general population. Results: Blood groups distribution among CSX patients showed phenotypes A, B, AB, O and Rh negative as 33.1%, 21.9%, 9.3%, 35.8%, and 7.9%, respectively. According to our results, there were no differences in ABO-Rh blood groups distribution between CSX patients and normal population. Conclusion: These data suggest that ABO-Rh blood groups might be unassociated with CSX.

    Key words: ABO-Rh blood groups, cardiac syndrome X, coronary artery disease.