Published on:
    Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2012; 3(2):143-146
    CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY | doi:10.4103/0975-3583.95371

    A tetrad of bicuspid aortic valve association: A single-stage repair


    Ramachandra Barik, A. N. Patnaik, Ramesh C. Mishra, N. Rama Kumari, A. S. Gulati

    Departments of Cardiology, Nizam´s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India.


    We report a 27 years old male who presented with a combination of both congenital and acquired cardiac defects. This syndrome complex includes congenital bicuspid aortic valve, Seller's grade II aortic regurgitation, juxta- subclavian coarctation, stenosis of ostium of left subclavian artery and ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm without any evidence of infective endocarditis. This type of constellation is extremely rare. Neither coarctation of aorta with left subclavian artery stenosis nor the rupture of sinus Valsalva had a favorable pathology for percutaneus intervention. Taking account into morbidity associated with repeated surgery and anesthesia patient underwent a single stage surgical repair of both the defects by two surgical incisions. The approaches include median sternotomy for rupture of sinus of Valsalva and lateral thoracotomy for coarctation with left subclavian artery stenosis. The surgery was uneventful. After three months follow up echocardiography showed mild residual gradient across the repaired coarctation segment, mild aortic regurgitation and no residual left to right shunt. This patient is under follow up. This is an extremely rare case of single stage successful repair of coarctation and rupture of sinus of Valsalva associated with congenital bicuspid aortic valve.

    Key words: Biscuspid aortic valve,juxtra subcluavian corarctation,rupture of valsalva,single stage repair.