Published on:
    Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2012; 3(2):155-159
    CLINICAL CASE REPORT BASED STUDY | doi:10.4103/0975-3583.95374

    Device closure of post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect three weeks after coronary angioplasty

    Authors:

    A. N. Patnaik, Ramachandra Barik, N. Rama Kumari, A. S. Gulati

    Department of Cardiology, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Abstract:

    Percutaneus device closure appears to be safe and effective in patients treated for a residual shunt after initial surgical closure, as well as after two to three weeks of index myocardial infarction. The index case presented with a ventricular septal defect on second of acute myocardial infarction thrombolysed with streptokinase. The general condition of the patient was fairly stable. Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography showed significant left to right shunt and there was 90 % proximal stenosis of left anterior descending coronary artery. Other coronary arteries were normal. Angioplasty and stenting to the coronary artery lesion was done using drug eluting stent (DES) with very good angiographic result. Patient was discharged after four days in stable condtion. After 3 weeks his ventricular septal defect was closed percutaneusly using cardio -O-fix device with tiny residual shunt. The procedure was uneventful and of brief duration. He was discharged after 5 days of the post procedure in very stable condition with minimal residual shunt. A staged procedure is a better option if the condition of the patient allows strengthening ventricular septal defect border.

    Key words: Cardio-Fix-Occluder, myocardial infarction, ventricular septal defect.