Background: In this prospective study, we aimed to compare the effect of pulsatile and non-pulsatile flow on the cognitive functions in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Methods: Patients scheduled for their first coronary artery bypass surgery (n=148) were randomly assigned to the pulsatile flow group (Group A, n = 75) or non-pulsatil group (Group B, n = 73). Cognitive performance was assessed with (MoCA) montreal cognitive assessment test performed by psychologists before coronary artery bypass surgery and 1 month after the operation. Results: Mild cognitive impairment was seen in 12 (16%) patients and serious cognitive impairment was seen in 1 (1.33%) patient in the pulsatile flow group. In the other group, mild cognitive impairment was detected in 23 (31.50%) patients and serious cognitive decline was found in 3 (4.10%) patients. Mean MoCA scores were 25.86 ± 2.62 in group A and 22.12 ± 2.20 in group B. The difference between two groups was statistically significant (P = 0.041). Conclusions: We suggest that pulsatile flow has beneficial effects to decrease cognitive dysfunction in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.
Key words: Cognitive dysfunction. Coronary artery bypass surgery. On-pump.