Published on:
    Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2013; 4(1):30-33
    Original Article | doi:10.1016/j.jcdr.2013.02.002

    Influence of education in the prevalence of obesity in Iranian northern adults

    Authors:

    Gholamreza Veghari a,*, Mehdi Sedaghat b, Siavash Maghsodlo b, Samieh Banihashem b, Pooneh Moharloei b, Abdolhamid Angizeh b, Ebrahim Tazik b, Abbas Moghaddami b

    a Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

    b Deputy of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

    Abstract:

    Background: The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether prevalence of obesity in educational levels is different and some related factors in Iranian northern adults. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study based on population and 2452 cases (1224 men and 1228 women) aged 15-65 years were chosen by cluster and stratify sampling. Subjects were randomly chosen from 125 clusters and each cluster included 20 cases. Interviewers recorded the data using a multidimensional questionnaire including socio-demographic indexes. Results: As a whole, the prevalence of obesity was seen in 24% of subjects (15.5% in male and 32.5% in female) and significantly was seen in 3.1% and 14.1% of uneducated people more than in 1e9 year schooling and in high school or college-educated people, respectively (P = 0.001). The risk of obesity was 2.294 (P = 0.001) in uneducated compared to high school or college-educated people, 1.668 (P = 0.001) in urban area compared to rural area, 2.619 (P = 0.001) in 40e65 year people compared to 15-40 year people, and 1.534 (P = 0.003) in good economic compared to poor economic groups. After adjusted for location area, gender, age, and economic stats, the risk of obesity was 2.044 (P = 0.001) in uneducated people compared to high school or college-educated subjects. Conclusion: The obesity as a health problem in Iranian northern adults supported in this study and it was negatively associated with educational levels. Public health programs that aim to reduce obesity should primarily focus on the illiterate and low-educated people. Copyright  2013, SciBioIMed.Org, Published by Reed.

    Key words:Adults, Education, Northern Iran, Obesity.