Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a common pathophysiological consequence of hypertension. Various voltage (ECG) criteria exist for evaluation of LVH. This study assessed the performance of 4 commonly used ECG criteria in south-western Nigeria. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of adult hypertensive subjects. Participants were assessed for LVH using 4 ECG criteria: Sokolow-Lyon, Araoye code system, Cornell voltage, and GubnereUngerleider criteria. Echocardiography was used to determine the left ventricular mass index for the participants, and a value greater than 125 g/m2 was used as the cut-off point for LVH. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values were determined for each of the ECG criteria. Results: 90 subjects (45 males, 45 females) participated in the study. The prevalence of LVH by echocardiography was 32.2%. The prevalence of LVH by voltage criteria were: 45.6%, 42.2%, 34.4%, 13.3% by Sokolow-Lyon, Araoye code system, Cornell, and GubnereUngerleider criteria, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity respectively of the ECG criteria were 58.62% and 60.66% (Sokolow-Lyon), 48.28% and 60.65% (Araoye code system), 51.72% and 73.77% (Cornell), and 13.79% and 86.89% (Gubner -Ungerleider). Conclusion: Out of the 4 ECG criteria, Araoye code system, Cornell and Sokolow-Lyon criteria compared favorably well with echocardiography and may be used in the initial assessment of LVH in adult hypertensive subjects. However, a combination of any of the 3 criteria with Gubner-Ungerleider criterion will be more clinically useful.
Key words: Assessment, Hypertensives, Voltage criteria.