Published on:September 2016
    Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2016; 7(3):112-115
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jcdr.2016.3.3

    Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control of Hypertension among the Elderly Residing in Rural Area of Haldwani Block, in Nainital District of Uttarakhand

    Authors:

    Janki Bartwal,1* ChandraMohan Singh Rawat,2 Sadhana Awasthi2

    1Department of Community Medicine, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand, INDIA. 

    2Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, INDIA. 

    Abstract:

    Introduction: Raised blood pressure is a major cardiovascular risk factor. If left uncontrolled, hypertension causes stroke, myocardial infarction, cardiac failure, dementia, renal failure and blindness, causing human suffering and imposing severe financial and service burdens on health systems. The objective of the study is to find out the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and also to know the factors influencing hypertension among elderly population. Materials and Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in rural field practice area under the department of Community Medicine in Haldwani block of district Nainital. The study was conducted from November 2013 to October 2014. Elderly, who had completed sixty years of age at the time of study, gave consent and volunteer to participate, were included in the study. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect data from 440 elderly which was later entered into Microsoft excel and was analyzed using SPSS 16. Chi square test was used to test the association and p<0.05 was considered significant. Result: The prevalence of hypertension among the elderly was 38.86%. Awareness, treatment and blood pressure under control was seen among 59.06%, 76.24% and 19.48% respectively. Hypertension was significantly associated with literacy status, employment status, higher socioeconomic status, increased body mass index, and presence of diabetes. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension was quite high among the elderly while the awareness, treatment and control of blood pressure were low among those who were found to be hypertensive.

    Key words: Hypertension, Elderly, Rural, Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, Control.

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